Eliza Rosetta Wheatley and William Henry Hallam
Eliza Rosetta Wheatley was born on 28 August 1840 in the Brighton District, the daughter of John Wheatley and Charlotte Kearley. Charlotte registered the event on 25 September 1840 with her residence recorded as Black Brush.1 By the time she was 15, Eliza was witnessing the christening of her niece Maria Green in St. Mark's Church, Pontville.2 At this point no record of the Wheatley children's education has been found but later documents show Eliza could sign her name.
This Eliza did when she was married on 24 April 1862 in Brighton, Tasmania to William Henry Hallam in the home of her parents at Black Brush. Witnesses at the wedding were Eliza's brother Hiram Wheatley and Eliza Mahala Hallam, William's sister in-law, although a large number of both families may have been present but not set their name to paper as the law didn't require them to.3 The event was reported in the Launceston Examiner as follows:
MARRIAGES. On the 24th April, by Rev. Mr. Shipphird, William Henry Hallam, third son of Mr. Hallam, of O'Brien's Bridge, to Eliza Rosetta, third daughter of Mr. J. G. Wheatley, Black Brush.4
William was born 28 July 1839 in Hobart, the youngest child of Joseph Hallam and Maria Loach, although his name was added after the registration of birth at his baptism.5 His birthdate has also been recorded as 29 July 1839 in the Ancestral File records of the Church of Latter Day Saints organisation.6 Ten years earlier in 1829 William's father Joseph Hallam had been found guilty of sheep stealing, along with his brother Thomas -
...and sentenced to transportation to Van Diemen's Land for life - a 21 year sentence. While waiting passage to Australia Joseph and his brother were confined in a hulk moored in the Thames - where Joseph especially found it difficult to adjust to his enforced confinement. His behaviour in the hulks was such that on official records his conduct was noted as bad. In October the two reluctant migrants boarded the Calcutta built Bussorah Merchant as it lay in the Downs. On 6 October  the ship, loaded with two hundred male outcast sailed for Hobart Town and after a fast passage of one hundred and four days dropped anchor in the Derwent River on 18 January 1830. Joseph's conduct on the voyage apparently improved and was reported in Hobart as having been orderly.7
Joseph was assigned as a convict servant, but within three months of arriving in the colony learned of the death of his brother Thomas in March 1830. Over two years later in August 1832 he petitioned the Government to have his wife and daughters join him and this was granted. Their eldest child was Hannah, who had been born in 1822 in Nottingham, followed by John who was born in 1834, Thomas in 1837, then William Henry in 1839.8
In February 1851 when William was 11, his sister Hannah was killed at Old Beach when she was thrown from her horse and cart, the cause of death was a Brain Haemorrhage. Hannah was the mother of six children aged from four to nine.9
Following their marriage in April 1862 William and Eliza were soon parents themselves, with Eliza delivering a boy - Joseph William Hallam, on 18 October 1862. Joseph's birth was registered in New Norfolk.10 He was quickly followed by John George on 19 March 1864, an obvious tribute to Eliza's father, but this time the event was registered in Hobart.11 Just under a year later the mood was not so joyous when William Henry's father Joseph Hallam died on 14 March 1865 of an Apoplectic Seizure, or in modern terms a stroke.12 It must have been some consolation to the family that Joseph had finally won back his freedom in the last 10 years of his life.
Over the next five years another three children blessed the couple. Arthur Henry Hallam was born on 7 September 1865 in Glenorchy. The informant was his father William Hallam whose occupation at that time was listed as farmer. The event was registered on 21 September 1865 in Hobart.13 Anna Maria Hallam was born on 2 February 1867 in Glenorchy with William's occupation at this time listed as Gardener. Her birth was registered in Hobart by a Thomas Gangley of Liverpool Street, although there is some doubt about his identity as the register is difficult to decipher.14 Frederick Lewis Hallam, Eliza and William's fifth child, was born on 16 December 1868 and again the event was registered in Hobart.15 The family now comprised Joseph (age six), John (age five), Arthur (age three), Anna (age one) and the new born Frederick.
Unfortunately tragedy was never far away in a time when medicine was often unable to help with the chronic diseases of the day. Arthur Henry Hallam died on 27 September 1870 in Hobart at the age of five. The cause of death is recorded as debility secondary to an ulcerated throat, the classic symptomatology of Diptheria.16
-HALLAM-On the 27th September, at O'Brien's Bridge, Arthur Henry, third son of William and Eliza Hallam, aged 6 years. The funeral will take place on Friday next, 30th Instant, at 3 o'clock, when friends are respectfully invited to attend.17
Twenty-three days later his sister Anna Maria Hallam died on 10 October 1870 in Hobart at the age of three. The death register has her name as Hannah. This time the cause of death was more explicit with Diptheria as the recorded diagnosis.18 Certainly there was an outbreak of the dreaded disease in the early 1870's as Ruth Bantick's family was similarly affected.
HALLAM.—On 10th October, at O'Brien's Bridge, Hannah Maria, only daughter of William and Eliza Hallam, aged 3 years and 8 months.19
Life was not without its mixed emotions either because just six days after his sister's death, Edmund Andrew Hallam was born on 25 October 1870.20
Lilias Isabel Hallam, Eliza and William's seventh child, was born on 4 March 1872. William's occupation is again listed as Farmer of Glenorchy. The birth was registered on 2 April 1872 in Hobart by her mother.21 Lilias was followed in quick succession by Edith Emmaline Hallam, born on 2 September 187322 and Ella Amelia Hallam, born on 13 May 1875.23 Both births were formally registered in Hobart. The informant for Ella's birth was her aunt, Charlotte Burgess who is recorded as residing at Battery Point, with the registration occurring on 15 June 1875. Charlotte was also the informant for the birth of Mabel Maria on 28 July 1876, registering the event on 6 September 187624, and for the birth of Sydney Augustus Hallam on 25 Sep 1877, with registration made on 31 October 1877.25 All events were registered in Hobart with William employed as a farmer, although once again the births themselves probably occurred in the family home at Glenorchy.
Glenorchy and Surrounding Area
Eliza and William's twelfth child was Norman Leslie Hallam, born on 14 July 1879. This time Eliza registered the birth on 21 August 1879 in Hobart.26 Child thirteen and their last arrived on 1 November 1880. They named their youngest daughter Minnie Maud Hallam and registered her birth on 3 December 1880 in Hobart.27 By Christmas 1880 the family now comprised Joseph (eighteen), John (sixteen), Frederick (twelve), Edmund (ten), Lilias (eight), Edith (seven), Ella (five), Mabel (four), Sydney (three), Norman (one) and the infant Minnie. Eliza's hands must have been full with eleven children and with the oldest girl age eight there wouldn't have been a lot of helping hands either. As Eliza's sister Charlotte registered three of the children's births it seems reasonable to presume she provided some assistance.
William Henry Hallam's mother Maria (nee Loach) was probably too elderly to play a grand-motherly role and she died on 26 September 1886 at the age of 85, having survived her husband Joseph by 21 years. The cause of death was recorded simply as Old Age.28 At the time Maria had 40 or so grandchildren, and a number of great-grandchildren. William's family was now beginning to grow up, and over the next 10 years three would marry.
Joseph William Hallam married Eliza Guttridge on 11 April 1887 at Morven in Tasmania.29 Eliza was born on 28 February 1859 on the Isle of Wright, England to James Guttridge and Emma Abbott.30 Eliza was baptised on 3 April 1859 in Parkhurst, Hampshire, England.31
James [Gutteridge] first came to Tasmania in 1843 with the 96th Manchester Regiment of Foot. He was sent to India, where he was promoted to Sergeant and where his first wife died in childbirth in 1854. He went back to Birmingham, England, and married Emma Abbott in Dublin on 30 Jul 1855.
...the Gutteridge family arrived in Melbourne on the Princess Royal in Jan 1863 and transferred to Launceston on the Black Swan. James was a constable at Evandale 1864-66, a storekeeper in 1870, and licensee of the Deddington Inn and later the Nile Hotel. His wife Emma was postmistress at the Lymington (Nile) Post Office from 1877 to 1892.32
In April 1892 an employee of William Hallams was charged with stealing from his employer:
LARCENY. Albert Cane was charged on remand from the 6th inst. with having on February 19 embezzled from his employer, William Hallam, a basket containing fruit, valued at 11s 9d. The accused pleaded guilty, and was sentenced to 14 days imprisonment.33
In August 1894 William's son Joseph William Hallam was also the victim of larceny as reported in the Launceston Examiner:
LARCENY AS A BAILEE.--Thomas Agar, aged 18, was charged with the larceny as a bailee of a quantity of fruit and a basket, the property of Joseph William Hallam, on August 8. He was remanded until Tuesday next.34
William and Eliza's daughter Edith Emmaline Hallam, age 21, married Joseph Dunkerley, age 32 and a hat manufacturer, on 13 June 1895 "in the house of the bride's father".35 Joseph was the son of Benjamin Dunkerley, a hat manufacturer and inventor, and his wife Harriet Smith. The family had arrived in Tasmania on the Lincolnshire on 24 September 1875 when Joseph was aged 11.36
In the early 1870s, Benjamin Dunkerley arrived in Australia, determined to set up a hat making factory. His skills as a hatter were backed by his ability to invent machinery, and soon after arrival he had developed a mechanical method of removing the hair tip from rabbit fur so the under-fur could be used in felt hat making. He moved his business from Tasmania to Sydney and set up a small factory. Stephen Keir I joined the business soon after. Whilst working for Dunkerley Hat Mills, he married Ada Dunkerley. Following Benjamin Dunkerley's death in 1918, Stephen steered the Company to greater things; he moved the factory to larger premises, increased production and began branding the hats 'Akubra'.37
BUCKNEY-HALLAM.-On January 1, by the Rev. D. B. Bridgwood, Wesleyan Church, Glenorchy. John, the eldest son of John Buckney of Glenorchy, to Lillian Isabella, the eldest daughter of William Hallam, Glenorchy.40
The Hallam and Holly families seem to have had a close association due to a number of marriages between various descendants. Ruth Holly, the daughter of John Holly and Maria Bolwer, married Thomas Hallam, while Sarah Holly who married John Buckney, was the daughter of William Holly and Elizabeth Poulsom. John and William were brothers and with their families had arrived in Hobart aboard the Louisa in 1853 from Melksham in Wiltshire, England.41
Eliza Rosetta was probably already declining in health at the time of John and Lilias' marriage, as by the end of the year she was dead, having passed away just before Christmas on 20 December 1896 in Hobart at the age of 56 with Cancer as the reported cause of death.42 The Mercury reported the event:
HALLAM - On December 20, at her late residence, Glenorchy, Eliza R., the beloved wife of William Hallam, after a long and painful illness, which she bore with Christian fortitude, aged 56 years. Melbourne and New Zealand papers please copy.43
Eliza was buried in the Glenorchy Methodist Cemetery. In late 1926 the Glenorchy Methodist Cemetery was to be closed and relatives were given the option of having their loved ones reburied according to their personal desires. Eliza was exhumed and reburied in the Cornelian Bay Cemetery on 7 January 1927 in the Wesleyan partition, section G.44 The inscription on her headstone reads:
Sacred to the memory of Eliza Rosetta,
died 20 December 1896 aged 56 years-
Safe, safe upon the ever shining shore,
Sin, pain and death and sorrow, all are o'er,
Happy you and ever more,
Washed in the blood of the lamb.
FIG. 49. HEADSTONE OF ELIZA HALLAM
Image Provided by Annette Wilson
William Henry Hallam married for the second time to Sarah Unice Holly the following year on 23 September 1897 in Hobart.45 Sarah was born in 1855, the daughter of Richard William Millhouse and Elizabeth Scott-Heath, the fourth of their eleven children.46 Sarah married Thomas Holly on 15 February 1881 and they had two children before Thomas died on 26 August 1886.47 Thomas was the youngest son of William Holly and Elizabeth Poulsom and brother to Sarah Holly who married John Buckney.
In quick succession five of William's children would also marry over the next six years:
Frederick Lewis Hallam married Jane Louisa Page on 28 May 1898 Beaconsfield, Tasmania. Frederick's occupation was recorded as Miner.48 Jane was born on 23 April 1877 in Launceston, the daughter of Thomas Middleton Page and Ann Ellen Lythgoe.49 The couple would have seven children over the next decade.
The girls began marrying next, with Ella Amelia Hallam marrying Charles Matthews on 13 March 1901 in Glenorchy.50 Mabel Maria Hallam followed suit when she married James Arthur Dunkerley on 22 January 1902 in the Methodist Church in Glenorchy.51 James was the brother of Joseph Dunkerley who had married Mabel's sister Emmaline. Both Dunkerley families would leave Tasmania for other states, notably South Australia and New South Wales.
Back in Tasmania, Sydney Augustus Hallam married Elizabeth Charlotte Grant on 11 October 1902 in Holy Trinity Church in Hobart.52 Elizabeth was born on 28 August 1882 in Hobart, the daughter of John and Norah Grant.53 They had three children that have been traced.
Minnie Maud Hallam married Charles Arthur Sherwood on 9 September 1903 in the Methodist Church in Glenorchy.54 Charles was born on 31 March 1876 in Hobart, the son of William Francis Sherwood and Margaret Jane Mann.55 The couple would later move to New South Wales as reported when they advertised their silver wedding anniversary:
SHERWOOD-HALLAM.-On September 9, 1903, at the Methodist Church, Glenorchy, Tasmania, by the Rev. A. P. Bladen, Charles A., youngest son of Mr. W. F. and Mrs. Sherwood, of Bellerive, to Minnie M., youngest daughter of Mr. William Hallam and the late Mrs. Hallam, of Rosetta, Glenorchy. Present address, Halwood Lne, Awaba Street, Mosman, N.S.W.56
Norman Leslie Hallam married Louie Ethel Dudley on 3 February 1904 in St. Andrew's Manse in Hobart.57 They had just one child that has been found to date.
In mid 1904 the family learned of the death of John George Hallam in Yarrie, West Australia at the age of 40.
Inquest at Edjudina.
(From Our Own Correspondent.)
KOOKYNIE, June 28.
An inquest was yesterday held at Edjudina into the death of John Hallam, who was killed in a shaft at Sefton's lease on the 23rd. inst. John Alderson, J.P., was acting-coroner. The evidence showed that the deceased was working in a shaft 80ft. deep, and during the temporary sickness of his mate, a miner from a claim close by was on the windlass, giving him a hand to pull the stuff which had accumulated at the bottom of the shaft. It is supposed the hook of the rope caught the side of the shaft when the bucket was about 10ft. from the surface, and the bucket tilted off. Immediately after the bucket came off the rope the man at the windlass went down the shaft and found the deceased quite dead. The skull was completely smashed in, and an arm and leg broken. The jury's verdict was that deceased came to his death accidentally, and "we find, on inspection of the shaft and gear, that the bucket could not have been properly hooked." The deceased, a single man, about 40 years of age, was a native of Glenorchy, Tasmania.58
HALLAM.-On June 23, 1904, accidentally killed at Sefton's Lease, Western Australia, John George, the dearly beloved second son of William Hallam, Glenorchy. Deeply regretted.59
Nearly sixteen years later William Henry Hallam died on 23 May 1920 at Malvern, the family home in Glenorchy.60 William had lived to the age of 80. He was buried three days later in the Cornelian Bay Cemetery.
DEATHS-HALLAM.-Passed peacefully away on Sunday, May 23 1920, at his residence, Malvern, Main-road Glenorchy, William Henry dearly beloved husband of Sarah Unice Hallam, in the 81st year of his age.
FUNERAL NOTICES-HALLAM,-Funeral of the late William Henry Hallam will move from his residence Malvern, Main-road, Glenorchy, on Wednesday next, the 26th inst., at 2 p.m.. arriving at Cornelian Bay Cemetery at 2.45 p.m. when friends are respectfully invited to attend.61
William drafted a will before his death, a transcription of which follows:
This is the last will and testament of me William Henry Hallam of Glenorchy in Tasmania, Gentleman. Whereof I appoint Frederick Bowden Rattle of Hobart in Tasmania, Accountant, and James Cooper of Moonah in Tasmania, Orchadist, executors and trustees of this my will. I devise all my real estate and bequeath all my personal estate unto the said Frederick Bowden Rattle and James Cooper, their executors, administrators and assigns upon trust to allow my dear wife Sarah Eunice Hallam to reside in the cottage situate on the Main Road at Glenorchy together with the land attached thereto (now in my occupation) and also permit my said wife to have the use of the household furniture and effects contained in the said cottage during her life or so long as she shall continue my widow.
A large section of the will deals with the trustee process, with William directing that his wife Sarah would have the benefit of his estate for as long as she lived unless she remarried, and that his remaining possessions should be sold and the money invested, but that Sarah:
...shall not have power to to charge or dispose of or to receive the said interest dividends and income or any part thereof by way of anticipation. And from or after the decease of my said wife whichever event shall first happen I direct that the said one half portion of my said trust estate and the investments representing the same shall be held by my said trustees upon trust for all my children living at my decease in equal shares as tenants in common. And I declare that upon the death or marriage again of my said wife or upon her ceasing to reside in the said cottage on the Main Road at Glenorchy now in my occupation the said cottage and the land adjoining and also the household furniture and effects contained in the said cottage shall be sold and the proceeds divided amongst all my children living at my decease in equal shares as tenants in common.
The rest of the will reiterated the conditions of sale over William's estate and that any portions remaining should be divided between his living children, ending:
...And I hereby revoke all former all former wills. In witness whereof I have hereunder set my hand this sixth day of September in the year of our Lord One Thousand Nine Hundred and Nineteen - W. H. Hallam.62
On 12 September 1920 Eliza Hallam (nee Guttridge), the wife of Joseph William Hallam, died in Longford, Tasmania.63
Another of Longford's most respected residents passed away on Sunday, in the person of Mrs. J. W. Hallam, after some months of indifferent health. The de ceased lady was the second daughter of the late Mr. James Gutteridge, of Nile, and spent her girlhood days in her native town. Some years after her marriage she and her family settled at Longford. She was much honoured and esteemed amongst her relatives and friends. She leaves two sons and two daughters, besides her husband, to mourn their loss. Both her sons were the first to enlist on the outbreak of war from Longford, and fought through almost the whole of the campaign, when the elder son, Private Percy Hallam, lost his right arm in an engagement, and was invalided home. The younger son, Private James Hallam, had the misfortune to fall into the enemy's hands eight months before the end of the war, and was released when the armistice was signed. The funeral takes place this afternoon at the Nile.64
Just over three months later Sarah Hallam, William's second wife, died the year after William on 14 February 1921.[FN]Federation Index Death Registration RGD 1921/232. The event was reported in the Mercury:
DEATHS-HALLAM.-On February l4, 1921. at her residence, Malvern, Glenorchy, Sarah Unice, relict of William Hallam, aged 66 years.
FUNERAL NOTICE-HALLAM-Funeral of the late Sarah Unice Hallam will move from her residence, Malvern, Glenorchy, on Wednesday next, the 16th inst., at 2 p.m., arriving at Cornelian Bay Cemetery at 2.15 p.m.65
Sarah left a will but this has not been transcribed at this point.66 Of the fate of William and Eliza Rosetta's remaining children, Frederick Lewis Hallam died on 9 January 1923 in the Hobart Public Hospital.67 The date was reported as 8 January in the Mercury:
HALLAM-On January 8, 1923, at Hobart, Frederick Lewis, dearly beloved husband of Jane Louisa Hallam, of Montrose road, Glenorchy, and fourth son of the late William and Eliza Hallam, of Glenorchy, aged 54 years.68
Norman Leslie Hallam died on 20 January 1925 in Berriedale.69
HALLAM.—On January 20, 1925, at his residence, Hillview, Berriedale, Norman Leslie, dearly beloved husband of Louie Hallam, aged 45 years. No mourning, by request.
HALLAM.—Funeral of the late Mr. Norman Leslie Hallam will move from his residence, Hillview, Berriedale, on Thursday next, the 22nd inst., at 2 p.m., arriving at Cornelian Bay Cemetery at 3.15 p.m.70
Joseph William Hallam remarried after his wife Eliza's death to a Frances Green. Joseph died on 25 December 1931 in Beaconsfield, Tasmania.
HALLAM-On the 25th December, 1931, at his residence, Beaconsfield, Joseph William, dearly beloved husband of Frances Hallam, of Beaconsfield, aged 69 years. (Interment Sunday.)71
Charles Arthur Sherwood, the husband of Minnie Hallam, died on 22 December 1935 in Mosman, New South Wales.72
SHERWOOD —-December 22, 1935, Charles Arthur, dearly loved husband of Minnie Sherwood of 105 Ourimbah-road Mosman, and loved father of Gwen in his 60th year.73
Perhaps Minnie's sister Edith was living with her around this time as Emmeline Dunkerley, nee Hallam, died on 2 February 1938, also in Mosman, New South Wales.74
DUNKERLEY.-The Funeral of the late Mrs. EDITH EMEL1NE DUNKERLEY will leave our Funeral Home, corner of Miller and Falcon Streets, North Sydney, THIS THURSDAY, after service commencing at 2 p.m., for Methodist Cemetery, Northern Suburbs.75
Edith's husband Joseph Dunkerley died on 19 September 1942 in Campbelltown, South Australia.76
DUNKERLEY. - On September 19, at Downer avenue, Campbelltown. Joseph, beloved husband of the late Edith Dunkerley and loved father of Edith, Herbert, and Phyllis, also Leonard (deceased); aged 80 years.77
Joseph's brother James Arthur Dunkerley, the husband of Mabel Hallam, died on 4 April 1944 in Chatswood, New South Wales.78
DUNKERLEY.-April 4, 1944, at his residence, Ontario Avenue, Roseville, James Arthur, beloved husband of Mabel and loved father of Thelma, John, Edna, and Madeline. Privately cremated.79
Jane Hallam (nee Page), the wife of Frederick Hallam, had remarried after his death to a David Bloomfield. Jane died on 19 April 1950.80
HALLAM-BLOOMFIELD.-Passed peacefully away on April 19, 1950, at the residence of her daughter, Mrs. G. Cannon, 20 Chapel St., Glenorchy, Jane Louisa, loved wife of the late David Bloomfield, and loving mother of George, Ethel, Florence, Gladys, Melva, Ella, and Lola. At rest.81
Ella Matthews nee Hallam died on 29 September 1950 in the Swan district of West Australia.82
Sydney Augustus Hallam died on 31 August 1954 in Glenorchy at the age of 76.83
Mabel Maria Dunkerley, the wife of James Arthur Dunkerley, died in 1959 in Chatswood, New South Wales.84
Minnie Maud Sherwood, nee Hallam, died in 1963 in Sydney, New South Wales.85
FIG. 50. WILLIAM HENRY HALLAM
FIG. 51. ELIZA ROSETTA WHEATLEY
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